8318. Angular - Forms
Angular and Forms

Learn how to use Forms module in Angular application.

1. Two Ways of Writing Forms

The Forms module offers two main way of working with forms: template-driven forms and reactive forms. Both ways work with the same Forms module.

2. Template-Driven Forms

Template forms use directives to create the form model objects.

  • Advantages: Simple, quick to get started, perfect for simple forms, don’t need to know how form model objects work
  • Disadvantages: HTML and business rules are coupled, no unit testing

2.1 Example

Create angular project with inline template and style.

$ ng new templateForm --inline-template --inline-style

Edit app.component.ts.

import { Component, ViewChild } from '@angular/core';
import { NgForm, RequiredValidator } from '@angular/forms';

  selector: 'app-root',
  template: `
    <form #f="ngForm" novalidate>
      <p>First Name <input name="fname" ngModel required /></p>
      <p>Last Name <input name="lname" ngModel required /></p>
      Valid: {{ f.valid }}
      Data: {{ f.value | json }}
    </form> `,
  styles: []

export class AppComponent {
  @ViewChild('f') f: NgForm;

3. Reactive Forms

In reactive forms, we build the model objects ourselves (including validation form rules), and the form binds (and syncs) to the template.

  • Advantages: More control, perfect for more advanced forms, enable unit testing, HTML and business rules are decoupled.
  • Disadvantages: Need to know how form model objects work, take more time to develop.

3.1 Example

Create angular project with inline template and style.

$ ng new reactiveForm --inline-template --inline-style

Edit app.component.ts.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { FormGroup, FormControl, FormControlName, Validators }
from '@angular/forms';

  selector: 'app-root',
  template: `
    <form #form [formGroup]="formGroup" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit(form)" novalidate>
      <label>Name:<input formControlName="name"></label><br/>
      <label>Location:<input formControlName="location"></label><br/>
      <input type="submit" value="Submit" [disabled]="!formGroup.valid">
  styles: []

export class AppComponent implements OnInit{
  formGroup: FormGroup;

    this.formGroup = new FormGroup({
      name: new FormControl('', Validators.required),
      location: new FormControl('', Validators.required)

  onSubmit(form: FormGroup){

3.2 FormBuilder

FormBuilder Methods

Method Purpose Arguments Returns
group Create a form group Configuration object, extra parameters (validators, async validators) FormGroup
control Create a form control Current form state (value/disabled status), array of validators, array of async validators FormControl
array Create a form array Configuration object (array), validator, async validator FormArray

4. References